Berliner Boersenzeitung - Hindu pride and Muslim fears overshadow key Indian poll

EUR -
AED 3.985487
AFN 78.312185
ALL 103.913093
AMD 437.144737
ANG 1.949108
AOA 902.774155
ARS 913.569022
AUD 1.660421
AWG 1.955829
AZN 1.848918
BAM 1.955106
BBD 2.183624
BDT 118.697841
BGN 1.958763
BHD 0.407655
BIF 3090.702256
BMD 1.085065
BND 1.456083
BOB 7.473346
BRL 5.376174
BSD 1.081516
BTN 89.648159
BWP 14.896709
BYN 3.539243
BYR 21267.266374
BZD 2.179926
CAD 1.473681
CDF 3005.629365
CHF 0.959472
CLF 0.038025
CLP 1040.170556
CNY 7.808997
COP 4245.991925
CRC 553.703338
CUC 1.085065
CUP 28.754212
CVE 110.22585
CZK 25.377535
DJF 192.5816
DKK 7.462102
DOP 63.507444
DZD 146.259158
EGP 33.471112
ERN 16.275969
ETB 61.072009
FJD 2.436192
FKP 0.857546
GBP 0.857284
GEL 2.875845
GGP 0.857546
GHS 13.735122
GIP 0.857546
GMD 73.703057
GNF 9294.698745
GTQ 8.447999
GYD 226.259638
HKD 8.494758
HNL 26.707514
HRK 7.628107
HTG 143.389072
HUF 394.551615
IDR 17037.630267
ILS 3.869453
IMP 0.857546
INR 89.893643
IQD 1416.796788
IRR 45618.833048
ISK 149.851563
JEP 0.857546
JMD 168.700082
JOD 0.769354
JPY 162.862816
KES 156.274495
KGS 97.004564
KHR 4398.43778
KMF 493.189035
KPW 976.688459
KRW 1445.201669
KWD 0.333987
KYD 0.90128
KZT 489.16626
LAK 22594.974804
LBP 96847.502077
LKR 333.621506
LRD 208.332783
LSL 20.728827
LTL 3.203914
LVL 0.656345
LYD 5.223145
MAD 10.890632
MDL 19.218174
MGA 4870.270196
MKD 61.608118
MMK 2271.093362
MNT 3667.556964
MOP 8.720403
MRU 43.30534
MUR 49.684853
MVR 16.714054
MWK 1820.653347
MXN 18.463355
MYR 5.149178
MZN 68.905652
NAD 20.728781
NGN 1712.297469
NIO 39.805862
NOK 11.46023
NPR 143.437055
NZD 1.777047
OMR 0.417707
PAB 1.081516
PEN 4.089348
PGK 4.124535
PHP 60.793462
PKR 302.006335
PLN 4.322365
PYG 7906.191909
QAR 3.950449
RON 4.974049
RSD 117.143393
RUB 99.429937
RWF 1397.303711
SAR 4.069268
SBD 9.196949
SCR 14.687383
SDG 652.1242
SEK 11.240993
SGD 1.459199
SHP 1.375591
SLE 24.679712
SLL 21430.026433
SOS 620.118401
SRD 38.405903
STD 22458.646709
SVC 9.462639
SYP 14107.852882
SZL 20.728638
THB 38.703211
TJS 11.842294
TMT 3.808577
TND 3.390868
TOP 2.574804
TRY 34.060074
TTD 7.339393
TWD 34.26016
TZS 2757.820488
UAH 41.27654
UGX 4232.496718
USD 1.085065
UYU 42.334964
UZS 13534.192977
VEF 3913403.900669
VES 39.10036
VND 26752.267982
VUV 130.101458
WST 2.910579
XAF 655.724102
XAG 0.046847
XAU 0.000521
XCD 2.932442
XDR 0.814911
XOF 655.724102
XPF 119.331742
YER 271.704077
ZAR 20.683545
ZMK 9766.88747
ZMW 25.495944
ZWL 349.390362
  • SLAC

    0.0050

    10.305

    +0.05%

  • SCS

    -0.3400

    13.4

    -2.54%

  • NGG

    -0.1300

    66.53

    -0.2%

  • GSK

    0.1300

    42.03

    +0.31%

  • RELX

    -0.7000

    43.22

    -1.62%

  • RIO

    0.6100

    65.14

    +0.94%

  • RBGPF

    1.4090

    64.9547

    +2.17%

  • VOD

    0.1400

    9.08

    +1.54%

  • RYCEF

    0.0700

    4.74

    +1.48%

  • CMSC

    -0.1700

    24.98

    -0.68%

  • CMSD

    0.0500

    24.78

    +0.2%

  • BCC

    1.8800

    137.79

    +1.36%

  • BCE

    -0.1300

    36.98

    -0.35%

  • AZN

    0.4400

    64.6

    +0.68%

  • BP

    0.6500

    35.64

    +1.82%

  • JRI

    0.0500

    11.49

    +0.44%

  • BTI

    -0.1100

    29.78

    -0.37%

Hindu pride and Muslim fears overshadow key Indian poll
Hindu pride and Muslim fears overshadow key Indian poll

Hindu pride and Muslim fears overshadow key Indian poll

Hindu worshippers from across India gather each morning to pray in Ayodhya, near where a historic mosque was torn down three decades ago by religious zealots -- triggering inter-faith riots that killed thousands of people.

Text size:

The demolition of the centuries-old Babri Masjid shook the country's secular foundations and paved the way for the rise of Hindu nationalism as its dominant political force.

Workers are now erecting a Hindu shrine where the mosque once stood, and Muslims fear a coming election in India's most populous state could see such endeavours repeated elsewhere.

"This is no ordinary temple," Anil Mishra, a member of the trust overseeing the construction project, told AFP.

"This is a national temple that carries the emotions and feelings of the masses."

In a cordoned off area nearby, a crowd of devotees chant mantras to Ram, one of the most worshipped deities in the Hindu pantheon, who is said to have been born at the site thousands of years ago.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Bharatiya Janata Party was instrumental in campaigning against the mosque, built by the Muslim Mughal dynasty which ruled much of the Indian subcontinent centuries ago.

Since its 1992 destruction, the party has enthusiastically backed the construction of a temple to Ram in its stead and the rejuvenation of several other religious sites.

It is now banking on efforts to style itself as the custodian of India's majority faith to secure re-election in Uttar Pradesh when the state of more than 200 million people votes in marathon seven-week polls starting Thursday.

- 'They have jailed young Muslims' -

Political analysts say Uttar Pradesh is a petri dish for hardline Hindu governance and the blunt edge of the BJP's efforts to refashion secular India into a Hindu nation.

Its chief minister, Yogi Adityanath, has been accused of encouraging vigilante violence against the state's Muslim population and introducing discriminatory laws to marginalise the community.

The saffron-robed hardliner, 49, is known for his inflammatory religious rhetoric and is considered a possible successor to Modi, more than two decades his senior.

His administration has introduced a law to make interfaith marriages more difficult and closed Muslim-run slaughterhouses to protect cows -- a sacred animal in Hinduism -- while critics say it has turned a blind eye to mob violence directed at those accused of eating beef.

The city of Mathura, near the capital New Delhi, is popularly held to be the birthplace of Krishna -- another senior god -- and Hindu hardliners claim another Mughal-era mosque there was partially built over a temple to the deity.

Comments from senior BJP figures have foreshadowed another looming religious confrontation in the city.

"Grand temple construction ongoing in Ayodhya...(now) getting ready for Mathura," Yogi's deputy Keshav Prasad Maurya said last month.

Muslims in the city are already angry after years of discrimination under the BJP and fearful of what another election victory could bring.

"They have jailed young Muslims for treason, are stopping us from eating what we want and have compounded our job losses by shutting meat shops and restaurants," said resident Mohammad Yameen.

- 'National pride and self-respect' -

Uttar Pradesh has struggled through India's recent economic downturn, with widespread unemployment in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic.

But the BJP has managed to galvanise support from legions of the Hindu faithful who have praised the party for delivering on its promise to build the Ayodhya temple.

"We are really happy and hope that it is a grand structure," said Kusum Gupta, 59, a pilgrim who travelled more than 1,000 kilometres (600 miles) to visit the site.

Champat Rai, another member of the trust managing the temple work, said its construction was the culmination of "500 years of struggle" and rivalled India's independence from the British in national significance.

The temple will be "a symbol of national pride and self-respect", Rai told AFP, adding that the mosque's demolition had symbolically cast off the historical shackles of Muslim rule during the Mughal dynasty.

"No other country in the world keeps the symbols of its slavery alive," he said.

An army of construction workers have toiled around the clock since Modi laid the foundation stone at a ceremony 18 months ago.

One of them, 23-year-old Manikandan, told AFP it was the "luckiest day" of his life when he was asked to help build the temple.

"What else could you ask for as a Hindu?"

(F.Schuster--BBZ)