Berliner Boersenzeitung - Study places Homo sapiens in Europe earlier than thought

EUR -
AED 3.916271
AFN 76.716892
ALL 101.25829
AMD 419.966182
ANG 1.920575
AOA 892.509968
ARS 926.009653
AUD 1.654966
AWG 1.919376
AZN 1.813754
BAM 1.957507
BBD 2.151656
BDT 116.951974
BGN 1.954472
BHD 0.40185
BIF 3053.791334
BMD 1.06632
BND 1.451679
BOB 7.379434
BRL 5.576947
BSD 1.065619
BTN 88.956964
BWP 14.800905
BYN 3.487408
BYR 20899.867243
BZD 2.148053
CAD 1.463391
CDF 2991.026809
CHF 0.972015
CLF 0.037065
CLP 1022.749847
CNY 7.723247
CNH 7.733852
COP 4173.970068
CRC 535.166628
CUC 1.06632
CUP 28.257474
CVE 110.361227
CZK 25.249389
DJF 189.763681
DKK 7.460938
DOP 62.884831
DZD 143.519178
EGP 51.456318
ERN 15.994796
ETB 60.549495
FJD 2.427956
FKP 0.856001
GBP 0.861117
GEL 2.84172
GGP 0.856001
GHS 14.333498
GIP 0.856001
GMD 72.402015
GNF 9161.073738
GTQ 8.288227
GYD 222.954401
HKD 8.352323
HNL 26.30894
HRK 7.549715
HTG 141.363922
HUF 394.309064
IDR 17289.201913
ILS 4.006485
IMP 0.856001
INR 88.9533
IQD 1396.004128
IRR 44852.073727
ISK 150.489513
JEP 0.856001
JMD 166.084815
JOD 0.755702
JPY 164.948469
KES 140.135807
KGS 94.920049
KHR 4330.796463
KMF 493.252807
KPW 959.688155
KRW 1473.531301
KWD 0.328821
KYD 0.888066
KZT 475.490135
LAK 22722.599446
LBP 95428.412063
LKR 321.847611
LRD 206.010572
LSL 20.41999
LTL 3.148565
LVL 0.645006
LYD 5.199485
MAD 10.795613
MDL 19.085462
MGA 4698.096416
MKD 61.603714
MMK 2237.830247
MNT 3678.803532
MOP 8.597597
MRU 42.336213
MUR 49.615438
MVR 16.474824
MWK 1847.21064
MXN 18.178033
MYR 5.101301
MZN 67.71879
NAD 20.420003
NGN 1147.093506
NIO 39.224569
NOK 11.735403
NPR 142.331103
NZD 1.801286
OMR 0.410512
PAB 1.065629
PEN 3.976067
PGK 4.049531
PHP 61.297926
PKR 296.57159
PLN 4.306643
PYG 7883.800196
QAR 3.881935
RON 4.97577
RSD 117.24583
RUB 100.124642
RWF 1374.098119
SAR 4.000193
SBD 8.999921
SCR 15.343666
SDG 624.863694
SEK 11.628612
SGD 1.45165
SHP 1.347242
SLE 24.36253
SLL 22360.196058
SOS 609.405733
SRD 36.816798
STD 22070.666085
SVC 9.324042
SYP 2679.160774
SZL 20.486863
THB 39.439432
TJS 11.642251
TMT 3.742782
TND 3.359964
TOP 2.550264
TRY 34.772597
TTD 7.236242
TWD 34.780684
TZS 2750.416122
UAH 42.428295
UGX 4060.540511
USD 1.06632
UYU 40.915676
UZS 13530.797923
VEF 3862799.339345
VES 38.703859
VND 27137.837823
VUV 126.595654
WST 2.989543
XAF 656.529448
XAG 0.037725
XAU 0.00045
XCD 2.881782
XDR 0.809206
XOF 656.523286
XPF 119.331742
YER 266.952954
ZAR 20.333327
ZMK 9598.155169
ZMW 27.3606
ZWL 343.354527
  • NGG

    -0.0600

    65.38

    -0.09%

  • CMSC

    0.0100

    23.9

    +0.04%

  • AZN

    0.1900

    68.55

    +0.28%

  • SCS

    0.1100

    11.94

    +0.92%

  • RBGPF

    0.1400

    51.75

    +0.27%

  • BP

    0.6000

    38.52

    +1.56%

  • RYCEF

    -0.0750

    4.885

    -1.54%

  • GSK

    0.4800

    39.75

    +1.21%

  • RIO

    0.2900

    66.97

    +0.43%

  • SLAC

    0.0050

    10.305

    +0.05%

  • BCC

    -1.0500

    133.6

    -0.79%

  • BTI

    0.2300

    29.05

    +0.79%

  • BCE

    0.3800

    32.59

    +1.17%

  • JRI

    0.0400

    10.95

    +0.37%

  • VOD

    0.0600

    8.34

    +0.72%

  • RELX

    -0.3600

    41.07

    -0.88%

  • CMSD

    0.0900

    24.3

    +0.37%

Study places Homo sapiens in Europe earlier than thought
Study places Homo sapiens in Europe earlier than thought

Study places Homo sapiens in Europe earlier than thought

Homo sapiens ventured into Neanderthal territory in Europe much earlier than previously thought, according to an archaeological study published in Science magazine on Wednesday.

Text size:

Up to now, archaeological discoveries had indicated that Neanderthals disappeared from the European continent about 40,000 years ago, shortly after the arrival of their "cousin" Homo sapiens, barely 5,000years earlier and there was no evidence of an encounter between these two groups.

The new discovery, by a team of archaeologists and palaeoanthropologists led by Ludovic Slimak of Toulouse University, pushes back the arrival of Homo sapiens in Western Europe to around 54,000 years ago.

Another remarkable finding of the research is that the two types of humans alternated in inhabiting the Mandrin cave in what is now the Rhone region of southern france.

The Mandrin site, first excavated in 1990, includes layer upon layer of archaeological remains dating back over 80,000 years.

"Mandrin is like a kind of neandertalian Pompeii, without catastrophic events, but with continuous filling of sands in the cave deposited progressively by a strong wind, the Mistral," Slimak told AFP.

His team uncoevered a layer, known as the "E layer", containing at least 1,500 cut flint points, more finely executed than the points and blades in the layers above and below.

Very small in size, some of them less than a centimetre in length, these points "are standardised, to the nearest millimetre, something we haven't seen at all with Neanderthals," said Slimak, a specialist in Neanderthal societies.

These, he explained, were probably arrowheads, unknown in Europe at that time.

He attributes this production to a culture called Neronian, linked to several sites in the Rhone area.

- Milk tooth discovery -

In 2016, Slimak and his team visited the Peabody Museum in Harvard to compare their discoveries with a collection of carved fossils from the Ksar Akil site at the foot of Mount Lebanon, one of the major sites of the expansion of Homo sapiens to the east of the Mediterranean.

The similarity between the techniques used convinced Slimak that the findings at the Mandrin site were the first traces of Home Sapiens found in Europe.

A milk tooth found in the "E layer" confirmed his suspicions.

In all researchers found nine teeth at the Mandrin cave site, belonging to six individuals.

These ancient teeth were entrusted to Clement Zanolli, a palaeoanthropologist at the University of Bordeaux.

Using microtomography, similar to medical scanning technology, the verdict was clear.

The milk tooth from the "E" layer" was the only modern human tooth found at the site.

That "fossil molar from a modern human child provides the earliest known evidence of modern humans in western Europe", the Natural History Museum in London said in a statement.

- Co-existence? -

The archaeological team then used a pioneering technique, fuliginochronology, which analyses layers of soot impregnating the walls of a cave and the traces of ancient fires.

The reachers demonstrated that "this Modern human population occupied this Rhone territory for some 40 years," said Slimak.

At some point, the two populations either co-existed in the cave or on the same territory, the researcher concluded.

He imagines that Neanderthals could have served as guides to Homo Sapiens to lead him to the best sources of flint available, some of which were located up to 90 kilometres (55 miles away.

"Nothing new under the sun… This is precisely what happened when Europeans began the colonization of the Americas or Australia," he noted.

"The findings from Mandrin are really exciting and are another piece in the puzzle of how and when modern humans arrived in Europe,? concludes Professor Chris Stringer, co-author of the study and a specialist in human evolution at the Natural History Museum in London.

"Understanding more about the overlap between modern humans and other hominins in Eurasia is vital to understanding more about their interactions, and how we became the last remaining human species," he added.

This overlap, which was evident in Mandrin, now places the Rhone region as a "major migration corridor (for Homo sapiens) enabling them to reach the Mediterranean and continental European areas", said Slimak, who promises more discoveries from the Mandrin site.

(H.Schneide--BBZ)