Berliner Boersenzeitung - Climate crisis: Indigenous groups both victims and saviours

EUR -
AED 3.944001
AFN 75.707953
ALL 99.726144
AMD 417.036766
ANG 1.939534
AOA 918.071057
ARS 968.766229
AUD 1.617851
AWG 1.935466
AZN 1.827112
BAM 1.949885
BBD 2.172847
BDT 126.466335
BGN 1.955143
BHD 0.404701
BIF 3091.376577
BMD 1.073767
BND 1.452294
BOB 7.43644
BRL 5.760015
BSD 1.07618
BTN 89.90228
BWP 14.641717
BYN 3.521718
BYR 21045.842624
BZD 2.169159
CAD 1.475625
CDF 3054.868056
CHF 0.959932
CLF 0.035731
CLP 985.932381
CNY 7.787608
CNH 7.80608
COP 4448.618673
CRC 567.368191
CUC 1.073767
CUP 28.454838
CVE 110.706682
CZK 24.710293
DJF 190.830221
DKK 7.460107
DOP 63.755271
DZD 145.104602
EGP 51.224829
ERN 16.106512
ETB 61.741775
FJD 2.398477
FKP 0.84248
GBP 0.841577
GEL 3.071093
GGP 0.84248
GHS 16.149576
GIP 0.84248
GMD 72.774606
GNF 9239.7693
GTQ 8.359678
GYD 225.048312
HKD 8.386608
HNL 26.63128
HRK 7.53617
HTG 142.852633
HUF 396.778869
IDR 17485.229658
ILS 3.98975
IMP 0.84248
INR 89.748332
IQD 1406.6354
IRR 45192.194067
ISK 149.307299
JEP 0.84248
JMD 167.510259
JOD 0.761191
JPY 168.615872
KES 137.997284
KGS 93.544688
KHR 4420.70041
KMF 492.326658
KPW 966.390874
KRW 1478.094335
KWD 0.329045
KYD 0.896846
KZT 485.319593
LAK 23386.656054
LBP 96209.566495
LKR 327.055619
LRD 208.311013
LSL 19.757079
LTL 3.170556
LVL 0.649511
LYD 5.20769
MAD 10.680231
MDL 19.155975
MGA 4799.74117
MKD 61.487731
MMK 2308.599532
MNT 3704.497914
MOP 8.657793
MRU 42.360267
MUR 50.080443
MVR 16.546857
MWK 1861.368518
MXN 19.74048
MYR 5.054762
MZN 68.393636
NAD 19.759654
NGN 1616.02029
NIO 39.521545
NOK 11.445928
NPR 143.841285
NZD 1.740304
OMR 0.413351
PAB 1.076135
PEN 4.049191
PGK 4.177046
PHP 62.986121
PKR 299.124766
PLN 4.34806
PYG 8089.233456
QAR 3.909568
RON 4.977229
RSD 117.097625
RUB 94.353636
RWF 1417.373075
SAR 4.02829
SBD 9.081501
SCR 15.028477
SDG 629.227565
SEK 11.256198
SGD 1.450549
SHP 1.356651
SLE 24.532691
SLL 22516.369248
SOS 613.12115
SRD 33.916027
STD 22224.818925
SVC 9.416083
SYP 2697.873466
SZL 19.759333
THB 39.439394
TJS 11.595299
TMT 3.758186
TND 3.342675
TOP 2.527917
TRY 34.84096
TTD 7.31354
TWD 34.751626
TZS 2815.358965
UAH 43.847387
UGX 4013.841784
USD 1.073767
UYU 42.082529
UZS 13567.051832
VEF 3889779.109093
VES 39.068488
VND 27319.329131
VUV 127.479796
WST 3.007209
XAF 653.973023
XAG 0.037067
XAU 0.000466
XCD 2.901911
XDR 0.816431
XOF 660.900688
XPF 119.331742
YER 268.817881
ZAR 19.802415
ZMK 9665.197025
ZMW 28.3831
ZWL 345.752691
  • RBGPF

    0.0000

    56.5

    0%

  • CMSC

    0.0000

    24.5

    0%

  • RYCEF

    0.0200

    5.98

    +0.33%

  • BCC

    -1.1800

    130.5

    -0.9%

  • VOD

    -0.0800

    8.75

    -0.91%

  • NGG

    -0.7500

    56.15

    -1.34%

  • SCS

    -0.2000

    12.33

    -1.62%

  • BTI

    -0.0700

    30.6

    -0.23%

  • RIO

    -0.1600

    66.92

    -0.24%

  • RELX

    -0.0800

    45.65

    -0.18%

  • GSK

    0.0000

    41.11

    0%

  • JRI

    -0.0800

    12.11

    -0.66%

  • CMSD

    0.1200

    24.46

    +0.49%

  • AZN

    -0.5400

    79.53

    -0.68%

  • BCE

    -0.3100

    33.98

    -0.91%

  • BP

    -0.3700

    35.19

    -1.05%

Climate crisis: Indigenous groups both victims and saviours
Climate crisis: Indigenous groups both victims and saviours

Climate crisis: Indigenous groups both victims and saviours

Long portrayed as victims of climate change, indigenous peoples who have struggled for years to protect ancestral lands and ways of life from destruction are finally being recognised as playing an important role in defending precious environments.

Text size:

"In the face of climatic, economic and health catastrophes, reality forces the recognition of indigenous peoples' knowledge, and a new relationship of respect," said Gregorio Mirabal, head of the COICA indigenous organisation.

"Now we are not victims, we are the solution!"

That message was reinforced in a sweeping report by UN climate experts on the impacts and adaptation to global warming, released on Monday, that outlined in harrowing detail the challenges facing humanity and the planet they depend upon for survival.

It highlights that many indigenous peoples are on the frontlines of global warming, such as those in the Arctic whose communities and traditions are threatened by melting sea ice and rising waters.

But it also underscores what these communities and their intimate knowledge of nature -- transmitted from generation to generation -- can bring to the fight against climate change, in particular to limiting its impacts.

That is crucial since indigenous communities, who number less than half a billion people worldwide, steward land home to 80 percent of Earth's remaining biodiversity, notes the IPCC.

From the Amazon to Siberia, these communities have been forced to develop methods of coping with external challenges "for centuries and have developed strategies for resilience in changing environments that can enrich and strengthen other adaptation efforts", it said.

A major cause of their vulnerability acknowledged for the first time by the IPCC in this report is colonialism.

"I think it's a huge advancement," said Sherilee Harper, of the University of Alberta, Canada, adding that this is a crucial context that helps not only understand the problems facing indigenous groups, but also to frame solutions.

Harper was among the authors of the IPCC report, which also included indigenous contributors and peer reviewers for the first time.

Previously, she told AFP, "there was a tendency to paint them as victims of climate change" without the agency to act.

"Of course, that is not true."

- 'Arrogance' -

Indigenous groups have welcomed the IPCC's recognition of ancestral knowledge, but say the situation requires more than words.

"We need to come up with some kind of action-oriented strategy," said Rodion Sulyandziga, of the International Indigenous Peoples Forum on Climate Change.

"We need to combine all our efforts. We can bring to the table indigenous knowledge not just on prevention, but on new technology too."

Crucially, leveraging traditional knowledge for adapting to climate change depends on restoring rights to ancestral lands, said Sulyandziga, who represents the Indigenous Udege People of Russia -- Udege means "forest people".

"Without our land, we cannot adapt," he said.

IPCC scientists also stress the importance of "self-determination" and recognising indigenous rights.

Chapter after chapter, region after region, the thousands of pages of the report give multiple examples of adaptation practices that could serve as inspiration for the climate threats that scientists warn are already starting to have a severe impact across the world.

Take wildfires. Indigenous communities know how to fight fire with fire, burning certain plots at specific times of the year to prevent blazes from getting out of control later.

IPCC experts also mention the attention paid to the diversification of crops, like in the agroforestry system of the Kichwas of Ecuador who grow food crops and medicinal plants under the canopy of the Amazon rainforest.

Or even the use of traditional knowledge in Fiji to identify endemic plant species that can help limit coastal erosion.

Harper said everyone can benefit from learning this wisdom, once people -- especially in the West -- set aside their "arrogance".

"We have understood for thousands of years when there is balance and imbalance; it is our home and we recognise the limits," said COICA's Mirabal.

"Our bond with mother nature allows us to take care of what really matters -- water, earth, life."

But the IPCC warned that given the scale of climate change impacts, there are hard limits to adaptation.

While some communities may have to leave their homes, others have seen climate change fundamentally alter the land around them such that what was once familiar becomes strange.

Like the Inuit communities in and around the Arctic, where warming is faster than almost anywhere on Earth and the once-dependable snow and sea ice are now fragile and fleeting.

Ashlee Cunsolo, another author of the IPCC report, said colonialist regimes inflicted terrible injuries over generations -- from the erosion of language and culture to forced relocation.

People said they had "finally entered into this period of indigenous self-determination," said Cunsolo. They were "reclaiming culture" and lands.

"And then climate change comes in."

(A.Berg--BBZ)