Berliner Boersenzeitung - Spain, Portugal hit by winter drought

EUR -
AED 3.918592
AFN 76.82866
ALL 101.405301
AMD 422.730741
ANG 1.922105
AOA 892.603753
ARS 922.217934
AUD 1.644674
AWG 1.920716
AZN 1.818246
BAM 1.959132
BBD 2.153382
BDT 117.049044
BGN 1.961057
BHD 0.402278
BIF 3062.475292
BMD 1.067065
BND 1.45022
BOB 7.396786
BRL 5.461774
BSD 1.066554
BTN 88.937908
BWP 14.639895
BYN 3.490366
BYR 20914.465407
BZD 2.149806
CAD 1.469935
CDF 2977.110513
CHF 0.975494
CLF 0.037282
CLP 1028.725354
CNY 7.72239
CNH 7.75463
COP 4117.951532
CRC 542.031894
CUC 1.067065
CUP 28.277211
CVE 108.680946
CZK 25.397635
DJF 189.639134
DKK 7.48034
DOP 63.421025
DZD 143.714394
EGP 50.617204
ERN 16.005968
ETB 60.812427
FJD 2.433445
FKP 0.856599
GBP 0.856598
GEL 2.849479
GGP 0.856599
GHS 14.352435
GIP 0.856599
GMD 72.373697
GNF 9167.589643
GTQ 8.306515
GYD 223.321856
HKD 8.362959
HNL 26.553944
HRK 7.554988
HTG 141.405764
HUF 393.885955
IDR 17198.733191
ILS 4.023058
IMP 0.856599
INR 89.218709
IQD 1397.854576
IRR 44896.741805
ISK 151.086083
JEP 0.856599
JMD 165.301097
JOD 0.75634
JPY 163.554363
KES 138.718767
KGS 95.097204
KHR 4315.209461
KMF 493.891242
KPW 960.358479
KRW 1473.193377
KWD 0.32856
KYD 0.888811
KZT 479.074675
LAK 22688.464274
LBP 95608.985091
LKR 318.371396
LRD 205.943832
LSL 19.71976
LTL 3.150765
LVL 0.645457
LYD 5.154328
MAD 10.694659
MDL 18.824541
MGA 4657.737181
MKD 61.544305
MMK 2239.608493
MNT 3681.373107
MOP 8.609444
MRU 42.335828
MUR 49.52176
MVR 16.480854
MWK 1857.75977
MXN 17.759197
MYR 5.090301
MZN 67.762579
NAD 20.171497
NGN 1281.014981
NIO 39.215024
NOK 11.666932
NPR 142.299317
NZD 1.795499
OMR 0.410766
PAB 1.066539
PEN 3.954275
PGK 4.092234
PHP 60.367581
PKR 296.590994
PLN 4.300256
PYG 7888.673575
QAR 3.884916
RON 4.986717
RSD 117.431751
RUB 99.583841
RWF 1381.315075
SAR 4.002777
SBD 9.04357
SCR 14.309084
SDG 625.300195
SEK 11.605185
SGD 1.452386
SHP 1.348183
SLE 24.379547
SLL 22375.814234
SOS 609.831305
SRD 37.189872
STD 22086.08203
SVC 9.331869
SYP 2681.032117
SZL 20.171416
THB 39.118981
TJS 11.667815
TMT 3.734726
TND 3.321243
TOP 2.538067
TRY 34.532988
TTD 7.245457
TWD 34.469427
TZS 2753.026927
UAH 42.061727
UGX 4053.893716
USD 1.067065
UYU 41.250147
UZS 13535.71432
VEF 3865497.432002
VES 38.667354
VND 26716.628961
VUV 126.684079
WST 2.991631
XAF 657.09904
XAG 0.038162
XAU 0.000455
XCD 2.883796
XDR 0.804398
XOF 654.647945
XPF 119.331742
YER 267.112976
ZAR 20.082465
ZMK 9604.865359
ZMW 26.636796
ZWL 343.594353
  • SLAC

    0.0050

    10.305

    +0.05%

  • SCS

    -0.0600

    12.18

    -0.49%

  • NGG

    0.3400

    65

    +0.52%

  • GSK

    -0.1400

    40.66

    -0.34%

  • AZN

    -0.5200

    68.93

    -0.75%

  • CMSD

    0.0000

    24.51

    0%

  • RIO

    -0.2800

    65.99

    -0.42%

  • RYCEF

    -0.1350

    4.97

    -2.72%

  • RBGPF

    -2.0940

    51.618

    -4.06%

  • BCE

    -0.6800

    32.11

    -2.12%

  • VOD

    -0.0700

    8.3

    -0.84%

  • BCC

    -1.8900

    149.99

    -1.26%

  • BP

    -0.2100

    39.44

    -0.53%

  • BTI

    -0.4800

    28.62

    -1.68%

  • JRI

    -0.1500

    11.11

    -1.35%

  • CMSC

    0.0000

    24.16

    0%

  • RELX

    -0.0900

    41.77

    -0.22%

Spain, Portugal hit by winter drought
Spain, Portugal hit by winter drought

Spain, Portugal hit by winter drought

In central Portugal, a sustained drought has revealed the ruins of a village that was totally submerged underwater when a large reservoir was created nearly 70 years ago.

Text size:

"I have never seen that!" says Carlos Perdigao, 76, as he gazes at the ruined stone houses of Vilar which were swallowed up by the Zezere river when a dam was opened in 1954.

Vilar stands on the banks of the river, surrounded by cracked yellow earth, another sign of the ongoing dry spell during what is normally a rainy winter season, with the drought also hitting neighbouring Spain.

Weather services in both countries say it was the second driest January on record since the year 2000.

The current drought is extraordinary because of "its intensity, scale and length", says climate scientist Ricardo Deus of Portugal's meteorology agency IPMA.

Of Portugal's 55 dams, 24 are only holding half of their water capacity, and five are below 20 per cent, according to the European Union's Copernicus Earth observation service.

The Algarve, Portugal’s southernmost province, and one of Europe's top tourism destinations, is one of those most affected by the drought.

Meanwhile Spain only got a quarter of the precipitation it normally gets in January, said the AEMET weather service.

The dry spell, which began at the end of 2021, is ruining crops, leaving farmers struggling to feed livestock and hampering hydroelectricity production.

- 'It's a disaster' -

Earlier this month, Portugal ordered five of its hydropower dams to suspend water use for electricity production in order to prioritise human consumption.

Nearly 30 percent of Portugal's electricity comes from hydropower dams.

And in Spain, Agriculture Minister Luis Planas on Tuesday said the government was "concerned" about the drought and would adopt the "necessary measures" depending on how the situation evolves.

Spain's water reserves are currently at less than 45 percent of their capacity, officials say, with the southern Andalusia region and Catalonia in the northeast worst hit.

Farmers in both countries are worried.

"Look! The grass isn't growing to feed the animals," says Antonio Estevao, a cheese producer who owns a herd of around 30 goats in Portela de Fojo Machio, a village in central Portugal near the town of Pampilhosa da Serra.

"If it doesn't rain in the coming days, it's going to be very complicated," he sighs, gazing at his drought-stressed pastures.

The lack of rain is also jeopardising the town's efforts to draw tourists inland with a floating pool structure set up for bathers in the Zezere river.

But the pool's plastic lining lies slumped on the ground, with the drought forcing the river to recede.

"For us, it's a disaster," says the town's mayor, Henrique Fernandes Marques.

The same area was badly hit by a wave of wildfires that raged through parched farmlands and forests in 2017, claiming over 100 lives.

- No end in sight -

More frequent and intense droughts are expected to put enormous strain on climate-vulnerable regions as temperatures rise, and will likely heighten the risk of related natural disasters such as wildfires, scientists say.

While the alternation between dry and wet years is normal in southern Europe, "we have observed a decline in the percentage of rainy years lately," said Filipe Duarte Santos, an environment specialist at Lisbon University.

These droughts are "one of the most serious consequences of climate change," he added.

"Until greenhouse gas emissions are drastically reduced, the problem will continue."

The situation is not likely to improve in the coming weeks as forecasters expect rainfall in both countries to be below the seasonal average.

Faced with this reality, the Portuguese government on Thursday said it would boost its cooperation with Spain to fight the drought.

(K.Lüdke--BBZ)